Garnett Wire

Long staple fibre card clothing

Garnett Wire is now the only manufacturer of metallic card clothing in the UK, and more than this, the only one in the world specialising solely in the manufacture and specification of metallic card clothing for long staple applications such as those employed in the nonwovens, woollen, topmaking and recycling industries.

The Garnett Company was founded in 1851 shortly after Peter Garnett acquired a patent for the application of a ‘tooth wire for mounting on rollers for carding any class of fibre used in the textile industry’.

So well established has the word become over the years that ‘garnett’, ‘garnett wire’ and ‘garnetting’ all generic terms used globally to describe machines, card clothing and even a manufacturing process.

Garnett Wire is still operating from the same site in Cleckheaton, Yorkshire, England that was chosen by Peter Garnett and his two sons over a hundred and fifty years ago to supply the textile markets of the world.

The company is now jointly owned by the Indian Card Clothing Company and Joseph Sellers and Son. Indian Card Clothing is an Indian market leader in the production of both flexible card clothing and metallic card clothing for short staple, while Joseph Sellers has manufactured flexible card clothing in the UK since 1840.

Short and long staple carding

Short and long staple carding are very different, but the difference in the approach to finding the correct card clothing solution is even more marked.

In short staple or cotton carding, all cards have a common basic configuration – lickerin, cylinder and doffer rollers, with moving and stationary flats. More than 90% of cotton cards are 40 inches (one metre) wide.

The material to be carded falls into the narrow band of primarily cotton or polyester, and the cylinder rotates at very high speed, calling for the card clothing supplier to offer a highly-engineered product, developed within closely defined operating parameters.

By comparison, in long staple carding there is no commonality to be found, other than in the very principles of the carding process.

Long staple carding machines vary greatly in configuration depending on the manufacturer, but consist entirely of rollers. The carding machine, in addition to the lickerin, can typically comprise either a single or two main cylinders, configured with various numbers of workers and strippers, and can also be single or double doffer. The width of a roller card can also vary greatly – from low volume speciality cards in widths of 50 cm, to high production units of four metres. A woollen card may have as many as four cylinders and doffer parts.

In addition to the great variety of machine types and sizes, the productive life of a roller card is much longer than that of a cotton card. It can also undergo a number of reincarnations, being modified or adapted for changing market demands or for new developments or for products sold to a manufacturer in a different sector.

On top of the vast array of machine configurations in long staple carding, comes the even greater variety in the range of fibres that can be processed on a roller card, as well as the many end-products that can be produced.

It is in this interface – between the machine, fibre and end-product – that the card wire specification and the know-how of the card clothing supplier come into play.

The card clothing supplier must therefore have a wealth of experience, flexibility and adaptability, and it is here that Garnett Wire comes to the fore, because this is exclusively its business.

Garnett Wire

Long staple fibre card clothing

Garnett Wire Ltd.
Woodroyd Mills
South Parade,
Cleckheaton,
West Yorkshire, BD19 3AF, United Kingdom

Garnett Wire is now the only manufacturer of metallic card clothing in the UK, and more than this, the only one in the world specialising solely in the manufacture and specification of metallic card clothing for long staple applications such as those employed in the nonwovens, woollen, topmaking and recycling industries.

The Garnett Company was founded in 1851 shortly after Peter Garnett acquired a patent for the application of a ‘tooth wire for mounting on rollers for carding any class of fibre used in the textile industry’.

So well established has the word become over the years that ‘garnett’, ‘garnett wire’ and ‘garnetting’ all generic terms used globally to describe machines, card clothing and even a manufacturing process.

Garnett Wire is still operating from the same site in Cleckheaton, Yorkshire, England that was chosen by Peter Garnett and his two sons over a hundred and fifty years ago to supply the textile markets of the world.

The company is now jointly owned by the Indian Card Clothing Company and Joseph Sellers and Son. Indian Card Clothing is an Indian market leader in the production of both flexible card clothing and metallic card clothing for short staple, while Joseph Sellers has manufactured flexible card clothing in the UK since 1840.

Short and long staple carding

Short and long staple carding are very different, but the difference in the approach to finding the correct card clothing solution is even more marked.

In short staple or cotton carding, all cards have a common basic configuration – lickerin, cylinder and doffer rollers, with moving and stationary flats. More than 90% of cotton cards are 40 inches (one metre) wide.

The material to be carded falls into the narrow band of primarily cotton or polyester, and the cylinder rotates at very high speed, calling for the card clothing supplier to offer a highly-engineered product, developed within closely defined operating parameters.

By comparison, in long staple carding there is no commonality to be found, other than in the very principles of the carding process.

Long staple carding machines vary greatly in configuration depending on the manufacturer, but consist entirely of rollers. The carding machine, in addition to the lickerin, can typically comprise either a single or two main cylinders, configured with various numbers of workers and strippers, and can also be single or double doffer. The width of a roller card can also vary greatly – from low volume speciality cards in widths of 50 cm, to high production units of four metres. A woollen card may have as many as four cylinders and doffer parts.

In addition to the great variety of machine types and sizes, the productive life of a roller card is much longer than that of a cotton card. It can also undergo a number of reincarnations, being modified or adapted for changing market demands or for new developments or for products sold to a manufacturer in a different sector.

On top of the vast array of machine configurations in long staple carding, comes the even greater variety in the range of fibres that can be processed on a roller card, as well as the many end-products that can be produced.

It is in this interface – between the machine, fibre and end-product – that the card wire specification and the know-how of the card clothing supplier come into play.

The card clothing supplier must therefore have a wealth of experience, flexibility and adaptability, and it is here that Garnett Wire comes to the fore, because this is exclusively its business.

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